Preventive Health Care for Women, What can you do to stay healthy and prevent disease? You can get certain screening tests, take preventive medicine if you need it, and practice healthy behaviors.
Top health experts from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force suggest that when you go for your next checkup, you should talk to your doctor or nurse about how you can stay healthy, no matter what your age.
Screening Tests for Women: What You Need and When
The most important things you can do to stay healthy are as follows:
- Get recommended screening tests.
- Be tobacco
- Be physically
- Eat a healthy
- Stay at a healthy
- Take preventive medicines if you need
Screening test scan find diseases early, when they are easier to treat. Health experts from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force have made recommendations, on scientific evidence, about testing for the conditions below. Talk to your doctor about which ones apply to you and when and how often you should be tested.
- Obesity: Have your body mass index (BMI) calculated to screen for (BMI is a measure of body fat based on height and weight.)
Recommended Screenings and Checkups for Women
Preventive Health Care for Women:
- Breast cancer: Have a mammogram everyone to two years starting at age forty
- Cervical cancer: Have a Pap smear everyone to three years if you have ever been sexually active and are
between the ages of twenty-one and sixty-five.
- High cholesterol: Have your cholesterol checked regularly starting at age forty-five. If you are younger than forty-five, talk to your doctor about whether to have your cholesterol checked if you have diabetes, you have high blood pressure, heart disease runs in your family, or you smoke.
- High blood pressure: Have your blood pressure checked at least every two High blood pressure is 140/90 or higher.
- Colorectal cancer: Have a test for colorectal cancer starting at age fifty. Your doctor can help you decide which testis right for If you have a family history of colorectal cancer, you may need to be screened earlier.
- Diabetes: Have a test for diabetes if you have high blood pressure or high
- Depression: Your emotional health is as important as your physical health. If you have felt “down;’ sad, or hopeless over the last two weeks or have felt little interest or pleasure in doing things, you may be depressed. Talk to your doctor about being screened for
- Osteoporosis (thinning of the bones): Have a bone density test beginning at age sixty-five to screen for osteoporosis. If you are between the ages of sixty and sixty-four and weigh 154 pounds or less, talk to your doctor about being
Chlamydia and other sexually transmitted infections
Preventive Health Care for Women. Have a test for chlamydia if you are twenty-five or younger and sexually active. If you are older, talk to your doctor about being tested. Also ask whether you should be tested for other sexually transmitted diseases.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV): Have a test to screen for HIV infection if you have had unprotected sex with multiple partners; are pregnant; have used or now use injection drugs; exchange sex for money or drugs or have sex partners who do; have past or present sex partners who are HIV-infected, are bisexual, or use injection drugs; are being treated for sexually
Preventive Health Care for Women:
Don’t smoke: If you do smoke, talk to your doctor about quitting. If you are pregnant and smoke, quitting now will help you and your baby. Your doctor or nurse can help you. And, you can also help yourself.
Be physically active: Walking briskly, mowing the lawn, dancing, swimming, and bicycling are just a few examples of moderate physical activity. If you are not already physically active, start small and work up to thirty minutes or more of moderate physical activity most days of the week.
Eat a healthy diet: Emphasize fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and fat-free or low-fat milk and milk products; include Jean meats, poultry, fish, beans, eggs, and nuts; and eat foods low in saturated fats, trans fats, cholesterol, salt (sodium), and added sugars.
Stay at a healthy weight: Balance calories from foods and beverages with calories you burn off by your activities. To prevent gradual weight gain over time, make small decreases in food and beverage calories and increase physical activity.
: If you drink alcohol, have no more than one drink a day. (A standard drink is one 12-ounce bottle of beer or wine cooler, one 5-ounce glass of wine, or 1.5 ounces of 80-proof distilled spirits.) If you are pregnant, avoid alcohol.
Should You Take Medicines to Prevent Disease?
- Hormones: Do not take hormones to prevent Talk to your doctor if you need relief from the symptoms of menopause.
- Breast cancer drugs: If your mother, sister, or daughter has had breast cancer, talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits of taking medicines to prevent breast
- Aspirin: Ask your doctor about taking aspirin to prevent heart disease if you are older than forty-five, or younger than forty-five and have high blood pressure, have high cholesterol, have diabetes, or
Preventive Health Care for Women
Immunizations: Stay up-to-date with your Have a flu shot every year starting at age fifty. If you are younger than fifty, ask your doctor whether you need a flu shot. Have a pneumonia shot once after you turn sixty-five. If you are younger, ask your doctor whether you need a pneumonia shot.