Obesity classification of World Health Organization is accepted to measure obesity level. It is usually measured by the Body Mass Index (BMI). The body mass index is obtained by dividing the weight in kilograms by the length of the height in meters. Morbid obesity is when the BMI is greater than 40 kg / m2.
In addition to body mass index, measurement of waist circumference is also used to determine obesity level. It is also known that fatty tissue is no longer a simple storage state and secretes hormonal and chemical substances that affect all body systems. These secretions act to further aggravate the obesity and increase the appetite and increase the satiety limit.
It Is Important Where Fat Tissue Is Collected
It is also very important that fat tissue is collected at the body. The oil that accumulates around the belly is considered to be more dangerous when piled up in the biceps and calves. For this reason, apple-type fat patients are more at risk of developing heart diseases than pear-type fat diseases.
As a result, in men, if the waist circumference exceeds 94 cm, the increased risk, and if it exceeds 102 cm, the higher the risk.
In women, if the waist circumference exceeds 80 cm, increased risk, 88 cm is exceeded, high risk is mentioned.
We use the level of Body Mass Index or BMI to measure obesity. The level of obesity is like the followings:
Level I: BMI 30 to 34.9 – moderate obesity
Well Level II: BMI 35 to 39.9 – severe obesity
And Level III: BMI over 40 – very severe obesity
If the BMI is more than 50 then it can be super obesity and if it is more than 60 then it is super super obesity.